Disabled Person

A disabled person is someone who has been physically, mentally, psychologically and sensually handicapped by the environmental constraints, as well as those who are limited to 12 months and more for the full and effective participation in social life.

In Mongolia, the number of disabled people almost doubled within 15 years between 2003 and 2018.

According to the 2018 statistics, there are 105 730 disabled people in Mongolia which makes up 3% of the total population. In other words, it means one in every seven families has a disabled person. 56.4% of these are men and 43.6% are women.

There are 37404 disabled people in Ulaanbaatar 10855 of which have mobility impairments, 5265 have vision impairment and 6472 have speech disorder.

The rights of disabled people are not protected by any specific rights guaranteed by law.  Disabled people have the same right of using the right of participating in civil, political, economic, social and cultural activities without any discrimination. However, the means for the full realization of these rights vary and specific requirements and tools are necessary.

What are the rights of disabled people for social welfare and protection?

  • To receive social insurance and pensions
  • To receive social welfare pensions
  • To receive conditional cash allowance
  • To get support and discount
  • To get specialized nursing care
  • To participate in community-based welfare services
  • To participate in employment support services
  • To have access to health services
  • To attend educational, cultural and art services